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French cardinal; archbishop of Albi and Rouen. Created a cardinal in 1778. Important member of the Assemblies of the Clergy and the Assemblée Nationale Constituante.


ALS - Autograph Letter Signed, four panels of a folded sheet dated October 1788. Addressed to La Rochefoucauld. Untranslated French but, given the time in which it was written, may be potentially significant.


On January 4, 1791, Rochefoucauld refused to take the oath of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, promulgated by decree the revolutionary government on July 12, 1790.; and enforced the following December 26. He was deprived of all his rents and benefices; he remained in France until the Journée du 10 août 1792, when the royal palace of Tuileries was taken by the people of Paris; the cardinal left the country on September 20, 1792, and went to Maastricht, Holland; and then to Brussels, where he stayed until 1794, when the French republican army arrived in the city; later, from July 1794, he resided in Münster, Westphalia. As dean of the French episcopate, he was responsible for the direction of the émigré clergy; two thousand priests, 145 from the archdiocese of Rouen, had taken refuge in Münster; he had to house, feed and clothe them for six years.