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Italian cardinal; distinguished papal diplomat; held several important posts in the Roman Curia.


DS - Document Signed, one page June 1890, Rome. Bears his blind embossed seal below the signature. This appears to be a renewal or reapplication of a request to establish and maintain a private oratory in the noble household of d'Angely in Mans, France.  The original approval was granted in May 1875 to the Countess d'Angely. Now, in 1890, Arthur d'Angely makes a new request which is approved. Accompanied by associated documents on the rules for maintaining a private chapel.  It was not uncommon for members of the nobility to have private chapels rather than attend religious services in public. This rather elitist practice tended to dissolve in the 20th century, although bishops and higher-ranking prelates continue to be granted this privilege.


Serafino Vannutelli began his priestly career as a professor of theology in the Vatican Seminary ((1863). The following year he was named auditor in the nunciature of Mexico but, three years later, returned to Rome after the fall of Emperor Maximilian I. Named auditor in the nunciature of Bavaria. Elected titular archbishop in 1869. Appointed Apostolic delegate in the Republics of Ecuador, Peru, and Nueva Granada (Colombia), Venezzuela, El Salvador, Guatelmala, Costa Rica, Honduras and Nicaragua. In 1875 he was appointed Nuncio in Belgium.  Five years later Mannutelli was appointed nuncio in Austria-Hungary.


He was created a cardinal in 1887. That same year he was decorated with the grand cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan. Went on to hold other important curial posts: Prefect of the Sac. Congr. of Indulgences and Relics; Secretary of Pontifical Memorials; Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals; Secretary of Apostolic Briefs. For a brief period he was Archbishop of Bologna but returned to Rome where he served as Prefect of the Sac. Congr. of the Index; Pro-prefect of the Sac. Congr. of Bishops and Regulars; Grand Penitentiary; Secretary of the Supreme Sac. Congr. of the Universal and Roman Inquisition. Dean of the College of Cardinals; Prefect of the Sac. Congr. of the Ceremonial.

VANNUTELLI, Cardinal Serafino (1834-1915)